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Smoke-Free Environments: Outdoor Public Places

Legislation in New Brunswick 

Smoke-Free Places Act
New Brunswick's Smoke-Free Places Act prohibits smoking and vaping tobacco, cannabis and all other substances in all enclosed public places, indoor workplaces, school grounds, as well as in vehicles when a person under the age of 16 is present. Many public outdoor settings, including the following, also prohibit smoking and vaping as per the Act: 

  • On patios where food and/or alcohol is served and within 3m from the patio boundary;
  • 9m from doorways, windows and air intakes of buildings that are for public use;
  • In outdoor playgrounds and within 20m of their perimeters (examples include outdoor slides, swings, climbing structures, splash pads, wading pools, sand boxes);
  • On outdoor sports and recreational areas and within 20m of their perimeters (examples include outdoor tennis courts, baseball fields, soccer fields, swimming pools, beaches, skateboard parks, skating rinks, etc., and their spectator stands);
  • On a public walking trail and within 9m of the trail;
  • In provincial parks (except in designated smoking areas and on an occupied campsite); and
  • On the grounds of regional health authorities (hospitals, health clinics, etc.).

A toll-free number is provided to report violations of the Smoke-Free Places Act and to obtain additional information on this legislation: 1-866-234-4234. 

New Brunswick's Cannabis Control Act controls the consumption and use of retail cannabis. It establishes the legal age for the purchase, consumption and cultivation of cannabis at 19 and outlines general restrictions on consumption and possession. Under the Cannabis Control Act, the only legal place to consume retail cannabis in New Brunswick is in a private dwelling or in the land adjacent to the private dwelling (in your home or in your backyard). Consuming retail cannabis in public is prohibited. It is also illegal to consume cannabis in a vehicle and to drive under the influence of cannabis. Note that medical cannabis can be smoked or vaped in public anywhere not prohibited by the New Brunswick Smoke-free Places Act).

Reporting Smoking and Vaping Violations in New Brunswick

Smoking and/or vaping tobacco, cannabis, and any other substance in public places that are designated as smoke-free by the Smoke-Free Places Act can be reported to the Smoke-Free Places Act Information Line. The Smoke-Free Places Act Information Line toll-free number is 1-866-234-4234.
For other complaints concerning cannabis, such as smoking it in a public place that is not already designated as smoke-free, or illegal sale or possession of cannabis, New Brunswickers are instructed to contact their local police detachment. 
More information here. 

Examples of Municipal Smoke-Free Policies

St. Stephen







Woodstock, Ontario

Ottawa, Ontario

Vancouver, British Columbia

Bridgewater, Nova Scotia

St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador

Côte Saint-Luc, Quebec

Winnipeg, Manitoba

Medicine Hat, Alberta

Non-Smokers’ Rights Association’s Smoke-Free Laws Database 

Reports and Statistics

Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act Outdoor Smoking Regulations

PTCC- Smoke-free Beaches in Ontario: Progress and Implications for Practice Summary

Exposure to Second Hand Smoke on Patios - OTRU Update September 2013


Logos and Sample Signage 

Smoke-Free Places Act Signs

New Brunswick Smoke-Free Places Act Official No-Smoking/No Vaping Signs
Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health - Public Health (2015)


Smoke-Free Environment Signs

Welcome to Our Smoke-Free Environment Signs
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2019)
(prints 8.5 x 11):



Welcome to Our Smoke-Free Environment Banners
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2019)
(prints 24 x 48)  



Smoke-Free Events Signs

Welcome to Our Smoke-Free Event Signs
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2019)
(prints 8.5 x 11):



Welcome to Our Smoke-Free Event Banners
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2019)
(prints 24 x 48)  




New Brunswick

Making My Outdoor Event Smoke-Free - A Guide for Event Planners, Organizers and Volunteers
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2015; updated in 2019)
This guide is designed to help New Brunswick communities make their outdoor events smoke-free. Many additional tools are provided, such as downloadable signs and social media messaging that can be used to communicate the smoke-free nature of events.

Outdoor Spaces: Smoke-Free for All
New Brunswick Anti-Tobacco Coalition (2015)
An NBATC fact sheet developed to outline the benefits of smoke-free outdoor spaces.

Breathing Easy: Smoke-Free Outdoor Public Spaces and Events in New Brunswick 
Webinar on May 3, 2016 by Nina van der Pluijm, Senior Program and Policy Advisor, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, New Brunswick Department of Health. (Audio recording)

Breathing Easy: Smoke-Free Outdoor Public Spaces and Events in New Brunswick
(Presentation slides)


Outdoor Tobacco Smoke - Evidence to Support Expanding Smoke-Free Spaces
NBATC Webinar with Dr. Ryan David Kennedy: Presentation Slides, January 2014

Ontario Tobacco Research Unit's (OTRU) On-line Course
This course is comprised of four modules including one on protection which examines current information on second-hand smoke, how it affects people’s health, and what is happening in Canada to create smoke-free environments.

Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada: Smoke-Free Outdoor Public Spaces: A Community Advocacy Toolkit

Making Patios Smoke-free:
A positive step that governments can take to further protect children, hospitality workers and the community from second-hand smoke.

NSRA: Compendium of 100% Smoke-free Municipal Bylaws 

Building the Case for Smoke-free Public Outdoor Spaces: Technical Report November 2011 Middlesex-London Health Unit 

Smoke-Free Outdoors: The Woodstock Story (Video)

Protection From Outdoor Smoking
An update by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit that provides an overview of the issues (SHS, health effects, impact on the environment and wildlife) surrounding exposure to outdoor smoking.

Live Free of Second-Hand Smoke - Tips for Home, Your Car, Work and Outdoors - Canadian Cancer Society (2014)


Global Smoke-Free Partnership: The Trend Toward Smoke-Free Outdoor Areas