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On June 21, 2018, the Cannabis Act received Royal Assent, an important step toward legalizing and strictly regulating cannabis in Canada. The Canadian Government has announced that cannabis legalization will take effect October 17, 2018. Until the Cannabis Act and its regulations come into force on October 17, 2018, cannabis remains illegal across Canada unless authorized for medical purposes.


Legalization and Regulation of Cannabis
Information on cannabis (marijuana) laws in Canada.

Bill C-45 - An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts
Bill C-45 introduced in the House of Commons in April 2017. It received Royal Assent on June 21, 2018.

New Brunswick

Cannabis Control Act
New Brunswick's Cannabis Control Act controls the consumption and use of recreational cannabis. It establishes the legal age for the purchase, consumptionand cultivation of recreational cannabis at 19 and outlines general restrictions on consumption and possession

Smoke-Free Places Act
New Brunswick's Smoke-Free Places Act prohibits smoking cigarettes and other tobacco products as well as vaping (electronic cigarettes, water pipes and all other vaping products) in all enclosed public places, indoor workplaces, and school grounds, as well as in vehicles when a person under the age of 16 is present. Many public outdoor settings, including the following, also prohibit smoking and vaping as per the Act: 

  • On patios where food and/or alcohol is served and within 3m from the patio boundary;
  • 9m from doorways, windows and air intakes of buildings that are for public use;
  • In outdoor playgrounds and within 20m of their perimeters (examples include outdoor slides, swings, climbing structures, splash pads, wading pools, sand boxes);
  • On outdoor sports and recreational areas and within 20m of their perimeters (examples include outdoor tennis courts, baseball fields, soccer fields, swimming pools, beaches, skateboard parks, skating rinks, etc., and their spectator stands);
  • On a public walking trail and within 9m of the trail;
  • In provincial parks (except in designated smoking areas and on an occupied campsite); and
  • On the grounds of regional health authorities (hospitals, health clinics, etc.).
The definition of “smoking” was broadened to include “any substance that is smoked and that creates smoke or second-hand smoke, including marijuana” on  November 17, 2016. Therefore, once cannabis is legalized in Canada, smoking cannabis will be prohibited in all these same public indoor and public spaces identified in the Smoke-Free Places Act.

Since September 15, 2017, peace officers and inspectors are able to issue tickets to individuals who smoke or vape tobacco or cannabis products in public places where smoking and vaping are banned.

A toll-free number is provided to report violations of the Smoke-free Places Act and to obtain additional information on this legislation: 1-866-234-4234. You can view the Smoke-Free Places Act here.

Cannabis New Brunswick 
Government of New Brunswick information on the legalization of cannabis. Some public education fact sheets are also provided.

Resources - Cannabis Education
Your Cannabis Questions Answered
Government of Canada - 2018
Public information and educational resources for everything related to the legalization and use of cannabis in Canada, including the health effects and dangers of cannabis, so that people can make informed decisions.
Government of New Brunswick - 2018
New Brunswick campaign to educate the public, including education on the health effects and dangers of cannabis.
Cannabis Talk Kit - Know How to Talk with Your Teen - 2017
Parents who provide their kids with balanced information about the effects associated with cannabis (often called marijuana) can help them make informed decisions. It’s more important than ever for parents to protect their kids’ health and development by addressing this issue early and often. This talk kit aims to help families navigate through a changing cannabis landscape—one that includes new policies like legalization and regulation, as well as new products, like “shatter” and “edible” candies and cookies
Reports and Statistics

Tobacco Use in Canada - Cannabis Supplement
University of Waterloo - 2017
This supplement provides an overview of cannabis and tobacco use, specifically in the Canadian context. National estimates of cannabis and tobacco use in Canada are reported, with a focus on youth.

Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey
Statistics Canada and Health Canada - 2016
The Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey is a biennial general population survey of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use among Canadians aged 15 years and older:

Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey
Statistics Canada and Health Canada - 2018
This national survey—which measures tobacco, alcohol and drug use among Canadian students in grades 7 to 12 (secondary I to V in Quebec)—provides valuable information that will inform approaches to addressing complex health and social issues such as the problematic use of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, including opioids and cannabis.