There are growing concerns with the rapid rise in vaping in Canada and the associated health effects. As vaping products continue to increase in popularity, particularly among youth, there is a growing need for research evidence to advance our understanding of vaping behaviours, associated health effects (including vaping-associated lung illness [VALI] and other lung injury), vascular changes, and mental health and addiction impacts. The lack of evidence on the health effects of vaping of cannabis products (including extracts), particularly in light of the recent legalization of cannabis extracts in Canada, is another key area where further research is needed.

Research on vaping will be directly relevant for healthcare workers, policymakers, parents, teachers, and youth, and help to develop the evidence base upon which to build future policies and regulations related to vaping.